Developing Urban Health Scores for Metropolitan Melbourne

201812081700 Note

The development of the VIHTAL tool kit is announced on

VIHTAL is defined as the Victorian Integrated Health, Transport, Activity & Land-Use tool kit (VIHTAL).

201804171400 Note

Air pollution from diesel engines is generally greater than from petrol engines.

201804031300 Note

Recent correspondence received by Oz Kayak, asks whether the health impact of freight activity is valued differently to the health impact from the PT system by the community. 

Is there a model in the public domain that quantifies freight generated per square kilometer in various locations of MEL?

201803312200 Note


Optimal population and personal health modeling by Citizen Science special interest groups (SIGs) in the TCPA Australasian network community who are developing algorithms to

derive urban health scores using  Internet of Things (IoT) technology will focus on clean air and green landscape variables to begin with.

201608112300 Note


The Bos et al (2016) article titled, “Gender in the Association between Green Space and Mental Health”, and the article by Astell-Bur et al (2016)

titled “Mental health benefits of neighbourhood green space are stronger among physically active adults in middle-to-older age: Evidence from

260061  Australians”. Both research reports add to the evidence that infers physical activity in urban green environments potentially bring greater

health benefit than activity in environments that are less green.  The reports also pose the question of how much different cohorts and exposure

periods influence the level of health benefit to be gained.  These studies support the inclusion of green space quantification in Urban Health


Table 1: Draft over 65 Health Scores v201607091700

VATS-VISTA Walking Indices can show significant walking trip variation by MSD LGA

 MSD LGA                        Draft Score

 Cardinia (S)                            1.00

 Casey (C)                               1.00

 Frankston (C)                        1.00

 Greater Dandenong (C)      1.00

 Melton (S)                               1.00

 Kingston (C)                          1.01

 Hobsons Bay (C)                 1.01

 Brimbank (C)                        1.01

 Knox (C)                                 1.02

 Mornington Peninsula         1.02

 Maribyrnong (C)                   1.02

 Yarra Ranges (S)                 1.02

 Wyndham (C)                        1.02

 Hume (C)                               1.02

 Boroondara (C)                    1.04

 Nillumbik (S)                         1.05

 Whittlesea (C)                      1.05

 Banyule (C)                          1.06

 Glen Eira (C)                         1.06

 Maroondah (C)                     1.06

 Moonee Valley (C)               1.07

 Bayside (C)                           1.08

 Whitehorse (C)                     1.08

 Moreland (C)                         1.08

 Darebin (C )                          1.09

 Monash (C)                           1.09

 Manningham (C)                  1.10

 Stonnington (C)                   1.13

 Port Phillip (C)                      1.17

 Yarra (C)                                1.21

 MSD Average (31 LGAs)   1.06

Notes:  Melbourne (C)         1.09

1) Scores rounded off for simplicity and third decimal place not shown

2) VATS-VISTA 1994-2014 is the main walking pattern source for weightings

3) Write to: for additional information

4) Table 1 was presented at the WCAA 2016 in Melbourne


201605070900 Note: community feedback to asks that a variable  for dog walker safety and friendliness be included in developing the Urban Health Score. The item:  is of relevance. 

201603231100 Note: How can the MIKX factor in the urban health impact at a location for annual events such as the Grand Prix? . Readers are invited to contribute to this development.

201603191100 Note: The MIKX has begun to reflect urban thermal efficacy. Readers are invited to contribute to this development.

201510191300 note: Readers interested in contributing to the development of the MIKX Urban Health Index are invited to provide feedback by email to the community based consultative review panel by contacting Horst (Oz) Kayak at  At this time, the MIKX index algorithms are being developed and tested for the Left Bank Arts Precinct in the City of Melbourne. The suburb is often referred to as Southbank and is defined by Post Code 3006

201510171800 Note: The health MIKX index draws on community feedback,VATS-VISTA -ABS data as well as data from the health industry

201509291200 Note: The development of the MIKX Urban Health Index is a project in progress.  Formalizing the steps to build the index are under a community based consultative review panel.  

Version201510021800 now includes a component that quantifies potential health benefiting exposure to a "green" urban environment, such as parkland and green cover within or abutting Right of Ways, (ROW)s

201509291200 Note: The maximum MIKX health index possible at a location is 100.  MIKX v201509291200 is based on a walk score of 100 being allocated 49 in MIKX . The index. Variables 50 to 100 in the MIKX scale are under review. Feedback from readers is welcome

201509170900 Note: Where is the evidence that a 10,000 step program per day is adequate to maintain health and well-being? “..Is there any strong evidence to indicate measured cognitive performance and longitudinal cognitive decline are influenced by, and a function of urban morphology?

201509060900 Note: Commenced this web portal page to model an urban health index at a referenced location at a specific time in history.  

The model in part uses the definitions developed by Fahim Zafar to model urban heat islands and urban micro-climate variables  The MIKX health index model is similar to the walk score model used by the real estate industry.  The MIKX health index algorithms allow the modeller to allocate values and weightings to the variables used to estimate the urban health index for a location, neighbourhood,

precinct, or sub-region.

To find a walk score at a location access  and type in the street address.

201505181900 Note: Is outside air pollution a significant contributor to a premature preventable death?  If it is then are air pollution time patterns at a location meaningful variables  in estimating urban health indices?

As a trial the wearing of helmets could be made non mandatory in mixed walking/cycling environments where speed limits are set to say 10 km/hr or less, for example on university campuses or in precincts such as Southbank.




This page last updated 201812081700